Washing machines work by allowing hot and cold water to enter the drum and mix with detergent. During this cycle, the clothes turn around an agitator and clean your clothes. Next, the pump drain all the dirty water out the machine and the machine goes into high spin to remove the water from the soaked clothes.
Common problems with washing machines:
Washer does not drain:
- If the washer does not drain, first check if the drain pump is working. If you hear the pump working but the washer does not drain, then either the pump is blocked or broken. To check if there is a blockage, drain the water inside the drum.
- On front loading machines, there is a filter trap (coin trap) that can be removed. Remove this coin trap and inspect for debris. Most times, you will find coins and metal objects such as bra under wires in the pump.
- On top loading machines, there are no coin traps so you will have to open up the hoses connected to the drain pump. Be prepared to have some water spill. Open the hoses slowly and drain the water into a bucket. When all the water is out, open the pump and check for debris. If water comes out of the drain hoses steadily, then there is no blockages and most likely the drain pump will need to be replaced.
- If the drain pump is not blocked and the washer is still not draining, then the lid switch will need to be replaced. The lid switch prevents the washer from spinning as a safety mechanism when the lid is open. The lid switch is defective, the machine will not drain or spin.
Washer is leaking:
If your washing machine is leaking, check the following components as they are most likely to cause leaks:
- Inlet valves: inlet valves are solenoids that over time become loose and cause water to leak from them.
- Drain pumps: when objects get clogged in the pump they cause the pump to crack and leak.
- Drain hoses: drain hose seals wear out over time and cause leaks
- On front load washers, door boot seals (door gaskets) can tear if sharp objects are found in the machines. On top load machines, tub seal and bearings can cause your machine to leak.
Washer is overfilling:
- If your washer is overfilling, the first thing you should check is your pressure switch. The pressure switch turns off the power to the inlet valves when water level reaches a certain level/pressure. When the machine keeps pouring water into the washer is either because the pressure switch is defective or because the pressure switch hose has a tear that causes air pressure to escape thus forcing water to come in continuously.
- Another cause for an overflowing washer would be a faulty inlet valve. The water inlet valves have a solenoid that can break over time and cause water to enter the washing machine continuously.
Washer making noise during the spin:
- On front loading machines, when the washer is making a loud thumping or banging noise during the spin cycle, the bearing will need to be replaced. The rear bearings are connected to the middle of the outer tub and makes the inner tub spin smoothly.
- On top load machines, if the washer makes noise then the transmission gear can get broken and make noise during the spin.
This post doesn’t reflect any of Ajax Appliance Repair views, and is Only for professional recommendation value.